Bạn đang xem: Wpf c# là gì
Features of WPF are as following:Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML)ControlsData BindingLayout2D và 3D graphicsAnimationStylesTemplatesDocumentsMediaTextTypographyWPF Architecture: The major components of the WPF are PresentationFramework, PresentationCore, Milcore, Common Language Runtime(CLR), User32, Kernel. Milcore is written in unmanaged code in order khổng lồ enable tight integration with DirectX, which is responsible for display. WPF has fine control over memory và execution. The composition engine in milcore is extremely performance-sensitive & required giving up many advantages of the Common Language Runtime to gain performance.
Creating a WPF Application Using Visual Studio 2019Step 1: xuất hiện Visual Studio & select Create a new project under the Get started menu. The Create a new project dialog opens. Select the WPF ứng dụng (.NET Framework) template & then select Next.
Step 2: The Configure your new project dialog opens. Enter the project name IntroductionToWPFApplication and then select Create.Visual Studio creates the project & opens the designer for the mặc định application window named MainWindow.xaml.Solution Explorer Window: It is used khổng lồ navigate between all files in Project. For example, if you will select a file from this window then all the properties related to lớn this tệp tin will be seen property window.Properties Window: This window is used lớn change the different properties of the selected cống phẩm in the Solution Explorer. Also, you can change the properties of components or controls that you will showroom to the App.Compiler Log: This window displays the error and warning messages.Xaml Code Editor: In this window we can write the xaml code for UI of App.Preview Window: We can see the preview of the window how the window will look like.You can also reset the window layout by setting it khổng lồ default. To lớn set the mặc định layout, go to Window -> Reset Window Layout in Visual Studio Menu.Step 3: Now to showroom the controls khổng lồ your WPF application go lớn Toolbox tab present in the extreme left side of Visual Studio. Here, you can see a menu of controls. Lớn access the most commonly used controls go lớn Common Controls present in the Toolbox tab.Step 4: Now drag and drop the controls that you needed on created Form. For example, if you can add TextBox, ListBox, Button, etc. As shown below. By clicking on the particular control in the preview window you can see and change its properties present in the rightmost corner of Visual Studio.In the above image, you can see the TextBox is selected and its properties are opened in the rightmost corner. You can change its properties’ values as per the application need. The code of controls will be automatically added in the XAML code editor.Step 5: khổng lồ run the program you can use an F5 key or Play button present in the toolbar of Visual Studio. Khổng lồ stop the program you can use the pause button present in the ToolBar. You can also run the program by going to Debug-> Start Debugging menu in the menubar.If you worked with Windows Forms previously then it will be very easy to lớn work with WPF.
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Advanatages of WPF:It uses current standard because it is newerthe developers of the controls will likely be more focused on WPF because it’s XAML makes it easy to lớn create và edit your UI & allows the development work to be separated between a designer (XAML) and a programmer(C#).Databinding is used khổng lồ make a clean separation between data & layout.Uses hardware efficiently for drawing the UI, for better performance.It is used to make user interfaces for both Windows applications và web applications.